Tuesday, March 20, 2012

Kain tenun khas daerah di Indonesia

Aneka kekayaan tekstil yang sangat terkenal dari beberapa daerah di Indonesia.

         Kain tenun ini biasanya digunakan saat ada perayaan besar seperti pernikahan, acara adat, religi  pada daerah masing - masing. Kain ini bisa mempercantik penampilan dan fashion bagi pemakainya.


1. Songket Palembang Kristal Berante Bekandang Merah-Orange-Pink


     

 2. Kain jemputan khas palembang                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            



Macam-macam Jenis Batik Dari Indonesia


Aneka batik dari indonesia terkenal sampai ke Mancanegara,di Indonesia batik dipakai mulai dari yang muda sampai yang tua.bahkan sekarang batik di jadikan pakaian resmi pekerja kantor. Berikut beberapa macam jenis batik di Indonesia.


1. Batik Kraton


Jenis Batik yang Berkembang di Indonesia
Batik Kraton awal mula dari semua jenis batik yang berkembang di Indonesia. Motifnya mengandung makna filosofi hidup. Batik-batik ini dibuat oleh para putri kraton dan juga pembatik-pembatik ahli yang hidup di lingkungan kraton. Pada dasarnya motifnya terlarang untuk digunakan oleh orang “biasa” seperti motif Parang Barong, Parang Rusak termasuk Udan Liris, dan beberapa motif lainnya.

Wednesday, March 14, 2012

Indonesia Batik Process Information

Batik is generally thought of as the most quintessentially Indonesian textile. Motifs of flowers, twinning plants, leaves buds, flowers, birds, butterflies, fish, insects and geometric forms are rich in symbolic association and variety; there are about three thousand recorded batik patterns.
The patterns to be dyed into the the clothe are drawn with a canting, a wooden 'pen' fitted with a reservoir for hot, liquid wax. In batik workshops, circles of women sit working at clothes draped over frames, and periodically replenish their supply of wax by dipping their canting into a central vat. Some draw directly on the the cloth from memory; others wax over faint charcoal lines.
This method of drawing patterns in wax on fine machine-woven cotton was practiced as a form of meditation by the female courtiers of Central Java; traditionally, batik tulis (tulis means 'write' in Indonesian) is produced by women.
In the 19th century, the application of waxed patterns with a large copper stamp orcap saved the batik industry from competition with cheap printed European cloth. The semi-industrial nature of cap work allows it to be performed by men. Batik motifs recall characters from the Hindu epics, plants, animals, sea creatures and gamalan melodies.
In Surakarta rich creams and browns are juxtaposed with tinges of yellowish gold.White, undyed cloth is left to contrast with the sombre opulence of brown and blue dyes in Yogjakarta. The palette of the north coast were influenced by lively maritime trade and the textile traditions of the Chinese and Arab mercantile communities living in port and coastal towns.
The Symbolic Meaning of Batik's Motifs
The motifs of Batik, especially with old pattern, as in other field of Javanese tradition are symbolizing something. Might be, this is one of the reasons, why people still adore batik up to present date. Some of the motifs are :
  1. Sido Mulyo :
    Sido (you should be ), mulyo (happy). Symbolizing 'you should be happy and rich man'.
  2. Sido Dadi :
    Symbolizing 'you should be a man/woman as you wish (prosperous, high ranking position, wealthy, etc)'.
  3. Satrio Wibowo :
    Symbolizing 'Man with dignity'.
  4. Tikel Asmorodono :
    Tikel (more), Asmoro (love), Dono (gift).
    It is meant the one who wears this batik, should be loved more and more by others.
The Process of Batik Making
Batik, in Javanese means 'To Dot'. Basically there are two kinds of batik; Batik Tulis (hand drawn) and Batik Cap (stamped). The price of batik tulis is much more expensive than batik cap.

Doting
A canting (a pen like instrument with a small reservoir of liquid wax) is applied to the cloth of batik tulis making. The tracing of the desired design on to the prepared cloth is the first stage of making followed by the technique of applying wax and dye substances. At the final stage of the process, all the wax scraped off and the cloth boiled to remove all traces of the wax. This process of repeatedly waxing and dyeing is the batik process, used until nowadays in Java and other parts of Indonesia.
So, this kind art of batik is an indigenous to the country. The wax used in batik process is a combined product of paraffin, bees-wax, plant resins called gondorukem and mata kucing.
Batik cap, which is also using the waxing process, its process of course faster and easier. But people appreciation of batik tulis is higher, it is really a work of an artist not only a craftsman. It combines the expertise, patience, deep feeling to produce the finest product, and it may take days, weeks and even months to make only a batik tulis
The Cities of Batik
Yogyakarta and Solo are the centers of traditional of batiks, as the north coastal town of Pekalongan is the center of more modern batiks, using more floral and birds motifs. There are some well-known artists of batik design in Yogya and Solo, as well as some big batik manufacturers with famous trademarks.
The growing production of batik makes way to the establishment of mori (woven cotton fabrics) factories in Yogya and Central Java. The Batik research Institute was founded in Yogya.
When Batik is Worn
Batik dresses are worn for several purposes, such as ;
  1. Informal Dresses
    It is a free choice, usually for daily casual wear.
  2. Formal Occasions
    In some parties, as a state banquets, receptions, etc, the invitees are requested to wear batik. Long sleeves shirts for the men and 'kain batik' (long batik to cover the lower body) for the women.
  3. Traditional Occasions
    It is worn to present the traditional wedding ceremonies, special ceremonies for the Royal families, etc.
In a wedding ceremony the bride and the bridegroom wear the same motif of batik Sidomukti, symbolizing a happiness and prosperous life. Using the same motif symbolizing the togetherness. The parents of the bride and the bridegroom wear batik with motif of Truntum, symbolizing the advice of the parents to the newly weds to enter the new life with full of love and confidence.
Traditional Dress
Women's traditional dress, especially in Yogya and Solo court families, consisting of :
  1. Jarit or Tapih or Sinjang
    A 'kain panjang' (long cloth of batik) measuring around 2 m x 1 m to cover the lower body, tightened with stagen (large waist band)
  2. Kebaya
    It is a traditional long sleeved shirt (the material used is not from batik, usually from silk and other fine materials).
  3. Selendang
    It is used as attractive piece of clothing to compliment the traditional dress. The 2 m x 0,5 m selendang cloth hung over one shoulder.
  4. Kemben or Semekan
    It is special for ceremonies in Karaton (palace) or Royal family ceremonies. Instead of wearing Kebaya, to cover the upper body, a kemben is worn.
Men's Traditional Dresses
  1. Jarit or Bebed
    Men kain panjang, tightened with stagen.
  2. Surjan
    Men traditional long sleeved shirt (only for Yogya style) and the material is not batik.
  3. Beskap
    Instead of wearing surjan, the men wear a coat (beskap of Solo style or Atila of Yogya style), the materials is not batik.
  4. Blangkon
    It is a headgear made from batik.
  5. Keris
    The dagger is worn at backside of the waist, as a compliment to the dress.
Dodot
Is a very long jarit to cover the lower body. It is worn only on a very special occasion such as the king coronation by the king himself. The wearing of dodot or kampuhan is very complicated. It may take two hours to wear a dodot with the help of specialist-dressers!

Article taken from : http://www.indonesianmusic.com/batik.htm 

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Indonesian Batik



The techniques, symbolism and culture surrounding hand-dyed cotton and silk garments known as Indonesian Batik permeate the lives of Indonesians from beginning to end: infants are carried in batik slings decorated with symbols designed to bring the child luck, and the dead are shrouded in funerary batik. Clothes with everyday designs are worn regularly in business and academic settings, while special varieties are incorporated into celebrations of marriage and pregnancy and into puppet theatre and other art forms. The garments even play the central role in certain rituals, such as the ceremonial casting of royal batik into a volcano. Batik is dyed by proud craftspeople who draw designs on fabric using dots and lines of hot wax, which resists vegetable and other dyes and therefore allows the artisan to colour selectively by soaking the cloth in one colour, removing the wax with boiling water and repeating if multiple colours are desired. The wide diversity of patterns reflects a variety of influences, ranging from Arabic calligraphy, European bouquets and Chinese phoenixes to Japanese cherry blossoms and Indian or Persian peacocks. Often handed down within families for generations, the craft of batik is intertwined with the cultural identity of the Indonesian people and, through the symbolic meanings of its colours and designs, expresses their creativity and spirituality.

Article taken from : http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/index.php?RL=00170